Although intellectual disability and mental illness are two separate conditions, persons with an intellectual disability may also have a mental illness.
Differences Between Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Ilness
Thoughts are limited by cognitive ability and understanding
Disturbances in thought processes and perception. May experience hallucinations and delusions.
Is lifelong and will not dissipate.
May be temporary, cyclical or episodic.
Onset occurs before 18 years of age.
Medication cannot restore cognitive ability.
Approximately 1% of the population
Refers to sub-average intellectual functioning.
Onset can occur at any stage of life.
Medication can be prescribed to control the symptoms.
Approximately 16% to 20% of the population.
No relation to IQ.
Follow Special Olympics Regina on:
Coach / Volunteer Resources: